Artur Correia studied graphics in Castro before he became a lithographer in
the early 1950s. At the same time, he created his first comics for various
Portuguese magazines, like O Papagaio, O Camarada and O Picapau. In 1965,
he turned to cartoon animation and two years later, he won the first prize
for Best Publicity Film. He continued working in animation with Ricardo
Neto in 1973, when they founded Topefilme. Correia became one of the big
names in Portuguese cartoon animation.

His film work didn't stop him from making comics. From 1968, his work
appeared in Pisca-Pisca. Eight years later, he created several comics for
Fungagá da Bicharada. In O Mosquito, in 1984, he put out 'Aventuras de D.
João e Cebolinha', a series which he originally made for Cavaleiro Andante
in the 1950s. In the nineties, Correia devoted himself to making comic
books about big football clubs, along with writer Manuel Dias.

History of Portuguese Animation Cinema
By Giannalberto Bendazzi
Portuguese animation is growing rapidly, or at least with big companies hardly existing in Europe, "auteur" or "independent" animation is doing so. Until the mid-Eighties the Lusitanian flag was flown only by Mario Vasques das Neves and Artur Correia & Ricardo Neto’s production company Topefilme, but during the last decade the works of Abi Feijó Regina Pessoa, Pedro Serrazina, José Miguel Ribeiro and Cristina Teixeira haven’t missed an important international animation festival in the world. And, speaking of festivals, no one can fail to mention that a lovely coast village called Espinho, near Porto, has accommodated one of the best and most exciting events of the entire international calendar since 1977 -- Cinanima.

This History of Portuguese Animation Cinema is the work of the leading and most stalwart of the Cinanima organizers, Antonio Gaio. I suspect he is the living human being that has viewed more Portuguese animated films than anyone else, has met more Portuguese animation film-makers than anyone else and has devoted more spare time and free work to Portuguese animation than anyone else. Therefore, he makes the most of this privileged position by giving lasting witness to everything you wanted to know about his country and artists working frame by frame, and redresses a long overdue shortcoming, as we foreigners certainly knew very little (although not by choice!) about this subject matter until the text was released in English at the Annecy 2002 festival.

What Is In Store
When did animation get started in Portugal? In an interview released in 1988, photographer Luis Nunes stated that he had produced an animated short commercial way back in 1920. The actual animation consisted of, he maintained, some movements of a dog’s head (it was that nice doggie listening to the phonograph in the His Master’s Voice trademark). It might well be a lie (as Nunes was only thirteen in 1920), but it is true that their pioneering era started around this time. Over the following decades the output was poor, sporadic and amateurish, with the exception of some highlights in the field of advertising. For instance, O Melhor da Rua (The Best One of the Street), a sixty second commercial by Artur Correia, won many international awards in 1966. In 1970, Eu Quero a Lua (I Want the Moon), another short by Artur Correia, paved the road for modern Portuguese animation.

Director and author of Comics. Collaborated in several magazines for children and young people. In 1965 he began his activity in the field of animation. Two years after he conquers prizes in Venice and Annecy. Moreover, he is awarded in Bilbao, Cannes, Hollywood, Argentina, Zagreb, Lucca and... in his homeland: Lisbon. In 1972 he directed one of the episodes of a series for Bob Balser’s studios, Barcelona. A year after he founds his own animation studio, Topefilme, where, besides the publicity works he did, he always fought to promote the development of the Portuguese short films, either for cinema or television. Member of several International Juries. Presently, he gives his contribution to the formation of new values and talents in animation at EPI — Escola de Imagem — and in the studio Neurones-Portugal.

The Hedgehog
(O Ouriço)

These are the adventures of the Hedgehog, through eight animated episodes
he meets a poor 7 year old girl and helps her with her old dress bydecorating it beautifully with fruits and butterflies... He visits a museum where a carpet hanging from the wall becomes alive and starts telling its story... He discovers a dangerous snake in the garden to be just the cat's tail... His tree house is destroyed after a terrible storm. The Lizard carpenter helps him to find a new place.... The forest animals make a picnic but they forget to clean up the spot causing certain incidents... He and the other animals decide to organize a band making very special instruments... and Finally, they find out the beauty of Christmas.
-It's a Secret
-It's a Present
-The Living Carpet
-The Mistery of the Serpent in the Garden
-My Dear House
-The Invention of Joy
-The Picnic
-It's Christmas, it's Christmas!

Written by: Maria Alberta Menéres
Music: Mário Laginha, Eugénia Melo e Castro
Sound: António M. Silva
Animation: Artur Correia, Ricardo Neto
Production: Topefilme
Directed by: Artur Correia, Ricardo Neto